MoEP EU-Twinning

Progress in the project - Component 3

Workshop: Thermal treatment of waste

The yearly so-called "waste forum", organized by the Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection and the environmental NGO "Adam Teva V'Din", with participation of industry, a number of ministries and consultants took place this year On January 25th, 2017. Two Twinning experts gave presentations in the framework of this event.

Jürgen Kühn from the German Ministry of Environment (BMUB) talked about air emission aspects of thermal waste treatment in Europe: He pointed out that in Germany alone, 48 million ton of municipal waste in Germany are produced, with the legislation allowing to landfill only 5%. This, then makes thermal treatment a necessity, and so it is not surprising that there are over 100 thermal waste treatment facilities in Germany treating ca. 20 million ton of otherwise non-recyclable waste. Due to the economic potential of energy production by waste incineration, the largest part of the funding – over 70% - comes from the private sector. However, Kühn stressed, that the main concern of waste incineration shall always be removal of waste, and not energy production, which is a by-product.

Afterwards, Markus Gleis from the German Environmental Agency (UBA) focused on waste management in thermal treatment of waste in Europe. Gleis gave arguments for both RDF and thermal treatment of waste (RDF is especially useful in commercial waste, since it is more homogenous), and gave an overview of the thermal treatment sector in Germany, both in terms of quantity (24-25 million tons of waste is incinerated in ca. 69 so-called "mass-burning" facilities) and in terms of quality: In his words – "no one is smarter than he who has experience", and experience shows that the transition from landfill to thermal treatment can only be done gradually, in small steps, and not at once. Finally, Gleis also mentioned the upcoming update of the thermal waste treatment BREF, with which he is involved with.

In summary can be said that the Twinning contribution to the waste forum helped the Israeli colleagues get a better understanding of the situation in Europe, and to implement the transition from landfill to thermal treatment in a way paved by the European experience.

Workshop: Training on finalized manual on wastewater stream inventory

On March 1st, 2017, a large training workshop of a key Twinning expert, BREF-author Dr. Bernd Serr took place on waste water stream inventories and the related manual. This workshop, whose participants included representatives of the MoEP, industry and consultants, was very successful and reflected the increasing acceptance of industry stakeholders of the new tool of waste water stream inventory over the duration of the Twinning project.

After Danniel Sharon from the MoEP wastewater department introduced the BREF documents and use of stream inventory, Dr. Serr presented the stream inventory database as well as a sample case, and summarized the situation of chemical installations in Israel. A major milestone discussed was the use of Zahn-Wellens test by an Israeli lab (Bactochem), a representative of which also gave a short presentation. As the Zahn-Wellens Test is the key into a transparent management of waste water from organic chemical installations, this development marks the real start-up of the stream inventory tool.

The Twinning manual on wastewater stream inventory, originally written in English, had been translated into Hebrew and sent out for comments and question, which formed, together with the workshop itself, the basis of a lively professional discussion. BAT compliance and threshold of load sources were some of the issues debated.

In summary can be said that the products of this mission ,the last one on wastewater in this Twinning project, and of the previous ones, will form the base of a successful cooperation between industry and regulator, and of a more streamlined process. The presentation of the German key expert which was presented during the workshop is available here.

Workshop: Training on Energy Efficiency in Beverage and Hotel Sectors in March 2017

On March 14 and 15, a two-day training workshop on Energy Efficiency took place, focusing on the Beverage Industry (Brewery) and the Hotel Sector, respectively for a day each. In the workshops, representatives from the MoEP, the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry of Economy, industry, the Chamber of Commerce and consultants participated. The experts gave presentations on Horizontal Guidance for ‘min’ Energy Management (for both sector) and sector-specific implementation tools for energy management. In addition, a self-assessment tool as internal audit was also presented.

The presentations served as general introduction how to approach Energy Management, which are the limitations and how to make a Quality Assessment upon the implementation and the improvement processes. The training workshops showed both the potential energy saving potential and the "bottom line" saving. These figures would be favorable for decisions of investment, improvement of Energy Performance and maybe as well for technical improvement and higher productivity. This will also improve the market competition and finally, it will also contribute to climate protection because emissions of CO2 are reduced proportionally.

The general manager of a mid-size hotel and spa in the Negev desert presented the implementation of an energy efficiency imitative and subsequent savings at his hotel. He showed the results of the various initiatives including the use of solar energy.

So, simply small and medium-size companies as well as hotels and other service providers can get more from less with a simplified Energy Management. This has been developed as an adapted and tailored approach to reduce energy consumption in organizations (EnMS). The drafts of the manuals have been elaborated in the Twinning project during the last year and now these documents are available here:

Effective Energy Management helps you to cut your energy consumption and costs. This is great for both: your business and the environment. The EnMS can be adapted to all organizations and outlines best energy management practices.

In the discussion, Israeli adaptation of different energy efficiency ISO Standards under the ISO 50000- series was discussed as well as a government incentive program, which would give government funding to adoption of energy-efficiency measures. The Twinning training workshops and manuals, which have been translated into Hebrew, will be an important source for later steps, even after the end of the Twinning project.

Management of Municipal Solid Waste:

Twinning Missions with UK Experts During 2016, nine missions on Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management have taken place within the framework of the Ministry of Environmental Protection’s Twinning project. These missions proved to be very successful and productive, thanks to the input of experts Mr. Graham Byrne and Mr. Sandy Truesdale from Northern Ireland, who worked closely with professionals from the Ministry. There is still work to do, however, as the ultimate objective of the missions is for the UK experts to write a "Recommendation Paper."
Many pressing issues regarding Management of MSW were addressed during the missions:

• Waste Data Management. An overview of the Waste Data Flow system in Northern Ireland, and its benefits to national waste management, was presented. In order to plan and implement an accurate and effective national policy and strategy, a reliable data collection system is necessary. Israeli officials reviewed the options that are available to them in order to develop a local system. A waste data system is currently being developed and is scheduled to be implemented in 2017.

• Legislation of various types of waste streams including: packaging, tyres, construction and demolition, agricultural and hazardous waste. The experts met with the legal advisers and waste officials, and received a detailed overview of current resource management practices. Workshops were conducted focusing on these streams, allowing for round table discussions that proved to be very insightful. The experts’ Israeli counterparts discussed options for further implementation of EPR laws.

• Institutional structures. The main point of the discussions was to understand the benefits of municipal groupings for the purpose of MSW treatment and to provide insights into Israeli structural developments.

• The New EU Framework Directive, including intertwined issues of resource efficiency. The main topics that were discussed were interlinked EU policies, the Circular Economy Initiative, the plastic bag levy, and Israel’s municipal recycling target for 2020. Related issues were raised, such as: waste hierarchy, waste prevention products, end-of-waste status, extended producer responsibility, waste prevention/recovery, separation at-source, and reuse and recycling targets. During this mission, a joint meeting took place with German and Austrian experts on the classification of waste treatment plants.

• Treatment of organic waste, anaerobic digestion and composting. Main issues included EU and UK policy, types of separation, sorting and treatment, digestion processes and how to deal with filtrate water, leachates and their associated treatment and removal.

• Landfill management, Best practices for landfill cover and leachate treatment. A large workshop was held with all relevant waste professionals from the Ministry of Environmental Protection, in which the experts conveyed a summary of their work and discussed their recommendations for a conclusive waste strategy in Israel.

There is still one more mission to take place during September, which will address the issue of RDF and Waste-to-Energy capacity in Israel. The Ministry is currently in the process of finding best solutions for the development of WtE sites in Israel and hopes to gain further understanding of best options following this mission.
During the missions the experts visited various sites including landfill sites (Dudaim, Hiriya), transfer stations (Green-Net, Evlaim), a recycling plant (Negev-Ecology), and a wastewater treatment plant (Shafdan). The experts met with officials from the City of Be'er Sheva, the Western Galilee Township and the Sakhnin Association of Cities. These site visits proved to be very important and helped the experts gain a better understanding of the pressing issues associated with local management of MSW in Israel.
The experts, who are responsible for writing the final recommendation paper, received tremendous feedback from their Israeli counterparts, who have taken part in the Twinning missions. The experts found the Ministry staff in the waste, policy and legal departments to be extremely professional, knowledgeable and helpful. The meetings and workshops necessary to deliver the output from this project were arranged and undertaken in an organised and interactive manner, which inspired confidence between the advisers and MoEP officials. The availability of senior decision-makers throughout the process played a key role in the success of the Twinning project.

Workshop: Training on Energy Efficiency in Beverage and Hotel Sectors

On March 14 and 15 (2017), a two-day training workshop on Energy Efficiency took place, focusing on the Beverage Industry (Brewery) and the Hotel Sector, respectively for a day each. In the workshops, representatives from the MoEP, the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry of Economy, industry, the Chamber of Commerce and consultants participated. The experts gave presentations on Horizontal Guidance for ‘min’ Energy Management (for both sector) and sector-specific implementation tools for energy management. In addition, a self-assessment tool as internal audit was also presented.

The presentations served as general introduction how to approach Energy Management, which are the limitations and how to make a Quality Assessment upon the implementation and the improvement processes. The training workshops showed both the potential energy saving potential and the "bottom line" saving. These figures would be favorable for decisions of investment, improvement of Energy Performance and maybe as well for technical improvement and higher productivity. This will also improve the market competition and finally, it will also contribute to climate protection because emissions of CO2 are reduced proportionally.

The general manager of a mid-size hotel and spa in the Negev desert presented the implementation of an energy efficiency imitative and subsequent savings at his hotel. He showed the results of the various initiatives including the use of solar energy.

In the discussion, Israeli adaptation of different energy efficiency ISO Standards under the ISO 50000- series was discussed as well as a government incentive program, which would give government funding to adoption of energy-efficiency measures. The Twinning training workshops and manuals, which have been translated into Hebrew, will be an important source for later steps, even after the end of the Twinning project.

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